Vaccines Protect Everyone

Your decision has a big impact on your community.

As a parent, you want to make the right choices for your child to best protect them. But vaccination is not just a personal choice. Your decision affects the health of all children in your community, including your own.

The vaccinated community helps to protect those who are not vaccinated, a concept known as “herd immunity” or “community immunity.” When 90–95 percent of a community is protected, it is nearly impossible for a vaccine-preventable disease to spread.

How Herd Immunity Works

Source: GIF created by reddit user theotherredmund based on research from Epidemiologic Reviews cited by PBS

Community immunity is an umbrella of protection.

Think of germs as rain. Vaccination is a raincoat. Even with a raincoat on, you can still get wet. You need an umbrella, too. The umbrella is “community immunity.” Those who don’t vaccinate rely on others to share their umbrella when it rains. But we need our communities to invest in umbrellas together. Newborns rely on their parents and on their caregivers to offer protection by sharing their umbrellas.

Vaccination protects the people you care about.

There are two critical points for vaccination to create community immunity:

  1. You need to be vaccinated.
  2. The people around you need to be vaccinated.

When a person is vaccinated, they prevent disease from spreading to others in the community, including:

  • Babies who are too young to receive vaccines
  • Pregnant women
  • The elderly
  • Individuals who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons, such as those with weakened immune systems, asthma, chronic illness, or undergoing treatment for cancer

For most vaccine-preventable diseases, when less than 90 percent of children are vaccinated in a particular community, these pockets of low vaccination create an environment where diseases can take hold and spread.

Only a very small percentage of children in the U.S. are completely unvaccinated—about 3 percent—however, they tend to group in certain communities. Parents may share false information they find online, or talk to a friend who has decided not to vaccinate their child. This misinformation can spread throughout a community and put community immunity in jeopardy.

According to Michigan Care Improvement Registry (MCIR) data from June 2017, only 56 percent of Michigan toddlers are up to date on their vaccinations. The percent of Michigan children ages 19-35 months who are protected against the following diseases are shown below.

  • Birth Dose Hepatitis B: 79%
  • Combined 7-vaccine series (4 DTaP, 3 Polio, 1 MMR, 3 Hib, 3 HepB, 1 Varicella, 4 PCV): 74.9%
  • Combined 8-vaccine series (4 DTaP, 3 Polio, 1 MMR, 3 Hib, 3 HepB, 1 Varicella, 4 PCV, 2 HepA): 54.3%
  • 2+ Hep A: 56%
  • 4+ DTap: 78.4%
  • 4+ PCV: 84.9%
  • Up-to-Date Rotavirus (8-24 months): 71.2%

Vaccine Abbreviations

Vaccinations Diseases
DTaP Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Hep A Hepatitis A
Hep B Hepatitis B
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b
MMR Measles, Mumps, Rubella
PCV Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Rota Rotavirus
Var Varicella (Chickenpox)

While progress has been made, there’s still room for improvement in Michigan communities.

In recent years, Michigan had some of the lowest vaccination rates in the country. Efforts have been made to improve vaccination coverage and as a result, more people are getting vaccinated. To continue to protect as many people as possible, more can still be done to achieve community immunity across our state.

  • Michigan’s childhood immunization rate is among the nation’s worst — ranking 43rd lowest among the 50 states for toddlers aged 19 to 35 months.
  • During the 2015-16 school year, Michigan had the 10th highest non-medical exemption rate in the nation, with 3.4 percent of parents simply choosing not to immunize their children.
  • In 2016, Michigan had 20 counties with a vaccine waiver rate of 5 percent or more among kindergartners.
  • Only 36 percent of Michigan teens ages 13 to 18 years are up to date on their vaccinations, according to data from MCIR from June 2017.

In Michigan, parents with school-age children have the option to sign a vaccination waiver for philosophical or religious reasons. As of 2015, parents who want a waiver for their child must attend an information session at their local health department. Areas with more vaccination waivers mean fewer children in the community are vaccinated and the community may not be protected by community immunity.

Have questions? Visit our FAQ section.

Sources:
Immunize for Good: Benefits vs. Risks
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia: Herd Immunity and Vaccine Duration
Immunization Action Coalition: Baby 411 excerpt by Ari Brown, MD, FAAP
Michigan Care Improvement Registry (MCIR) Current Immunization Rates