When available to them, get them vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine. To date, vaccines are available to those 12 and older and a vaccine for younger populations is expected to be authorized for emergency use in the coming months.
Help stop the spread of COVID-19 by teaching your child about COVID-19 health and safety measures.
- Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue and throw the tissue in the trash.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing; going to the bathroom; and before eating or preparing food.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if visibly dirty.
- Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces daily in household common areas (like tables, hard-backed chairs, doorknobs, light switches, remotes, handles, desks, toilets, and sinks).
- Launder items, including washable plush toys, as appropriate and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If possible, launder items using the warmest appropriate water setting for the items and dry items completely. Dirty laundry from a sick person can be washed with other people’s items.
Many states currently have stay-at-home orders in place. During this time, it’s important to teach your children and teens how to practice social distancing. The key to slowing the spread of COVID-19 is to limit contact as much as possible.
- While school is out, children should not have in-person playdates with children from other households.
- If children are playing outside their own homes, they should remain 6 feet from anyone who is not in their own household.
- Avoid having your children or teens gather (playgrounds, park equipment, etc.).
- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is recommending that children over the age of 2 wear masks when going out in public where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies), especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.
For infants, the best way is to limit exposure and avoid unnecessary public contact. If going out is essential and you must bring your baby:
- Keep the outing short and always follow the 6 feet distancing rule.
- Cover the infant carrier (not your baby) with a light blanket. This will help protect your baby, but still gives them the ability to breathe comfortably. Do not leave the blanket on the carrier in the car or at any time when your baby and carrier are not in your direct view. Check on your baby often.
- Do not put a cloth face covering on your baby, or any child under the age of 2.
- Never leave children alone in the car. The temperature in your car can become deadly in a short time.
- Wash your hands (and any children’s hands) as soon as you return home.
The U.S. currently has three COVID-19 vaccines authorized for emergency use. The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is authorized for use in those 12 years of age and older. The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine and Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines are authorized for use in those 18 years of age and older.
You can find additional information from the CDC about preventing COVID-19 here:
- Prevention for 2019 Novel Coronavirus
- Preventing COVID-19 Spread in Communities
- How COVID-19 Spreads
- Children and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)